Dry lubricants are commonly identified as ‘dry lubes’. They are generally available in chalk and powder forms. These lubricants are often used in bicycles, industrial equipment, and automobiles.
Dry lubes are usually used as alternatives for liquid lubricants. They offer lubrication in harsh temperatures where ordinary lubricants would either break apart, freeze, or melt.
Hexagonal boron nitride is a dry lubricant that can grease equipment at either 900 degrees or at subzero temperatures. It is used in spaceships and satellites. Hexagonal boron nitride is among the few lubricants used by NASA for industrial lubrication.
Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), metal sulphide, halogenated fluorocarbon (HFC), chlorofluorocarbon (CFC), boron nitride, and hexagonal graphite are common examples of dry lubricants.
Lube oil is one of the most popular lubricants available and it has a wide range of applications. Lube oil contain 10% additives and 90% oil base. They are classified depending on their viscosity and use.
Animal oil is obtained from animal fats. Examples of animal fats include stearin and lard. Animal fats mostly manufacture greases. Whales and Seals the most common sources of animal oil. Cattle, sheep, dolphins, porpoises, and sharks produce fine oil that can be used as lube oil. Animal lube oil is normally steady at normal temperatures. They produce fatty acids therefore, they cannot be used to ignite engines.
Vegetable oil is derived from vegetable sources and is classified as biodegradable. Canola, olive, mustard, sunflower seeds, rapeseed, caster, and palm are examples of vegetable sources. Vegetable and animal oil require additives for durability and stability. They both have an elevated flashpoint compared to mineral oil. They also have higher viscosity.
Petroleum or Mineral Oil
The most common type of lube oil is mineral oil. Mineral oil is sourced from crude oil and refined further into several categories including paraffinic, naphthenic, and aromatic oils. Paraffinic oil is used as the source for the manufacture of lubricants and engine oil. It is often used in the manufacture of rubber and paper. Naphthenic oil is mostly used to manufacture transformer oil and industrial lubricants.
What Are Common Industrial Uses of Hydrocarbon Oil?
Peat, shale, coal tar, and petroleum oil are examples of hydrocarbon oil. It changes into a liquid form at 59 degrees Fahrenheit. Hydrocarbon oil plays a major role in the manufacture of fuel and plastics.
Greases and motor oil are examples of lubricants. Lubricants reduce friction between surfaces and are distilled from hydrocarbon oil.
Hydrocarbon can be converted into an aerosol. Aerosol oil is often used as a traditional lubricant to control the consumption of hydrocarbon oils.